Yemen: What a nationwide truce means for the world’s worst humanitarian crisis


Abu Dhabi, UAE
CNN

Yemen’s warring parties have agreed to a nationwide truce for the first time since 2016. Designed for two months but eligible for resumption, it is the most significant step towards a cessation of hostilities since the start of the war seven years ago, and the victory of the United Nations Mediators, which over the past year have tried to reach a permanent peace agreement.

The truce, agreed late last week, is designed to end all military operations in Yemen and beyond. According to the UN spokesman, it will also allow the import of fuel to areas controlled by the rebels, as well as allow some flights from Sana’a airport.

The war in Yemen has been called the world’s worst humanitarian crisis. The conflict, seen as a war between Saudi Arabia and Iran, is being waged between a Saudi-led military coalition and a Tehran-backed Hussite rebel group. Both countries welcomed the ceasefire.

“I think it’s very interesting that you have both of these countries fighting in their own relations, both welcoming this important development,” US Special Representative for Yemen Tim Landerking told CNN’s Becky Anderson on Tuesday, adding that Iran supports truce. gives him the opportunity to continue efforts to de-escalate regional conflicts.

“I hope that with the steps of the last few days we will turn the corner,” he said.

CNN spoke with Peter Salisbury, a senior analyst at Yemen’s International Crisis Group, about what the latest truce means for the war.

How different is this truce from the previous ones?

The main difference from previous ceasefires is that it is time-limited – it is planned to last two months – and is not yet tied to a broader initiative other than the limited purpose of passing fuel to Hadeida port, restoring Sana’a airport for a small number of flights. and the beginning of negotiations for the entrance to the besieged city of Taiz.

How long did the other ceasefire regimes last? What is the probability of this?

This is the first nationwide ceasefire since the 2016 Kuwait peace talks. Hussites and Saudis directly controlled the de-escalation of fighting in 2019. And, of course, the UN has agreed to a ceasefire around the city of Hadeida in 2018.

The best scenario for a ceasefire (it should be noted that this is an informal and effective agreement with the self-defense police, as opposed to the Hadeida ceasefire regime, which was at least partially controlled by the UN) is that it leads to the type of detention we have seen around. Hadeids: sporadic fighting, shelling and air strikes, but the parties do not consider anything a total violation and a significant shift in territorial control.

What do you think is the time when it is very close to an agreement with Iran?

Sure, there will be a lot of speculation about ties to the agreement with Iran, but I don’t see any clear evidence of a connection between them yet. In fact, the shifts in the internal conflict and the cross-border war between the Hussites and the Saudis, as a result of which the Hussites attacked the UAE with missiles and drones in January and February, seem to have played a bigger role. UAE forces recaptured territory from the Hussites in January and greatly complicated their efforts to seize the city of Marib and the governorship by force. The Hussites responded with a new wave of attacks on Saudi Arabia and the UAE. At least for now, it is clear that the status quo is not working in favor of the Hussites and Saudis, so they could also try a truce.

Where does this leave the internationally recognized government?

Given the Gulf-led talks going on in Riyadh, I think this is a broader issue. The Saudis with the support of the Persian Gulf seem to be working on adjusting the composition [President Abdu Rabu Mansour] The Hadi government needs to include a much wider range of factions. This would reduce Hadi’s role and influence in politics. The truce creates more space for that, and it was allegedly pushed by the Saudis. So I suspect Hadi isn’t happy.

This interview has been edited for length and clarity

Israeli minister calls Bucha’s killings in Ukraine “war crimes”

Israeli Foreign Minister Yair Lapid called the killings in Bucha, on the outskirts of Kyiv, “war crimes” in the strongest condemnation of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

  • Why it matters: Lapid’s comments contrasted sharply with those of Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett. Although Bennett also condemned the killings, he did not blame Russia. Israel, one of the few countries that has good relations with both Moscow and Kiev, fears upset Russia, whose blessing it needs to strike at Iran-linked targets in Syria.

The coalition government of Israel is losing the majority

The Israeli government was dealt a severe blow on Wednesday when coalition chairman Idit Silman resigned, depriving the government of a majority. She called for a right-wing government instead.

  • Background: Silman’s resignation, a move she said he took for ideological reasons, left Bennett in control of 60 of the 120 seats on the Knesset.
  • Why it matters: Johanan Plesner, president of the Institute for Democracy of Israel, says the government could fall if the majority supports the dissolution of the Knesset, which is on hiatus until May 8, or if there is a majority in parliament for the alternative. the current coalition.

Turkey and the United States are working to mend tensions

Turkey and the United States on Monday announced the culmination of months of talks to establish a procedure to improve their tense ties, considering co-operation in the fields of economy and defense. Ministerial discussions will follow.

  • Background: Relations between Ankara and Washington have been strained due to issues such as Turkey’s acquisition of missiles in Russia, as well as different policies towards Libya and Syria. In December 2020, the United States imposed sanctions on the Turkish defense industry after Ankara purchased S-400 missile defense systems from Russia and then excluded them from its F-35 fighter jets program.
  • Why it matters: The war in Ukraine has led to talks on ways to cooperate, as Turkey borders Ukraine and Russia in the Black Sea and maintains good ties with both countries. Turkey has acted as a mediator in talks aimed at ending the conflict, acting as an important interlocutor between Russia and the West.

Egypt is broadcasting the third season of the series about Ramadan “Choice”, a re-enactment of the state story about the Arab Spring Revolution of 2011 in Egypt and subsequent events.

Less than a week after the holy Muslim month, it has already become the subject of debate on social media about state stories against reality.

The show, written by Egyptian screenwriter Hani Sarkhan, features several famous Egyptian actors, and Yasser Galal takes on the role of then-Defense Minister and current President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.

The show has been on trend on Egyptian social media since its release on April 1, and many use the Arabic hashtag # TheChoice3 and note the accuracy with which the voice and behavior of the Galal reflect the voice and behavior of the president. Others were much less generous.

Egyptian state media praised Galal’s performance as Sisi, “which saved Egypt from the destructive plans of the Muslim Brotherhood.”

The Muslim Brotherhood is the oldest and most organized Islamist movement in the country. Authorities have repeatedly accused him of propaganda of hostilities and subversive activities, which she denied.

One of its members, former Islamist President Mohamed Morsi, became the first democratically elected head of state in Egypt’s modern history after protesters overthrew longtime leader Hosni Mubarak.

Morsi was overthrown by the Egyptian military in July 2013 in a coup. He died in prison in 2019 during a trial on espionage charges.

Opposing the tweet of admiration were fierce voices who argued that the reflection of Egypt’s recent history in the show was far from accurate.

“They will never learn how to rewrite a story we saw with our own eyes,” said Egyptian actor in exile Amr Waqed. Twitternot to mention what historical distortion is.

Many in Egypt consider 2013 the beginning of large-scale repression, when freedom of speech and the right to protest were severely restricted. The government has denied the allegations.

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