New cars should average 40 mpg by 2026, compared to 28 mpg

New cars sold in the U.S. will have to average at least 40 miles per gallon of gasoline in 2026, up from about 28 miles per gallon, according to new federal regulations released Friday that repeal the rollback of standards adopted by President Donald Trump. The National Road Safety Administration has said its new fuel economy requirements are the strongest to date and the maximum the industry can reach over that time period. They will reduce gasoline consumption by more than 220 billion gallons over the life of vehicles compared to Trump’s standards. They are expected to reduce carbon emissions – but not as much as some environmentalists want – and raise prices for new vehicles in the industry already under pressure from inflation and supply chains. In the current model year, standards adopted under Trump require that the fleet of new cars run just under 28 miles per gallon in the real world. The new requirements increase gas consumption by 8% per year in the 2024 and 2025 model years and by 10% in the 2026 model year. Transport Minister Pete Buttigig, whose division includes NHTSA, said the rules would also help strengthen national security by making the country less dependent from foreign oil and less vulnerable to volatile gasoline prices. Across the country, gasoline rose to an average of more than $ 4.22 a gallon, with much of the increase coming after Russia, a major oil producer, invaded Ukraine in late February. It cost $ 2.88 a gallon just a year ago, according to the AAA. Gas prices have also helped raise inflation to a 40-year high by eating up household budgets and hitting President Joe Biden’s ratings. “Transportation is the second largest expense for American families just behind housing,” Butygig said. The new standards, he said, will help keep the United States safer and preserve “our country’s freedom to plan for its future without obeying other countries and the decisions made in the meeting rooms of energy companies.” Dealers say tougher requirements are raising prices and pushing people out of the already expensive new car market. NHTSA estimates that the new rules will increase the cost of a new car in the 2029 model year by $ 1,087. The Trump administration has pushed back fuel economy standards, allowing them to increase by 1.5% a year, which, according to environmental groups, was insufficient to limit global warming. greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change. Previously, standards rose by about 5% per year. But the new standards are not immediately in line with those adopted by 2025 under President Barack Obama. NHTSA officials said that by 2025 they will be on par with Obama’s standards and slightly above them in the 2026 model year. Obama-era standards are automatically adjusted to reflect changes in the types of cars people buy. When they went live in 2012, 51% of new car sales were cars and 49% were SUVs and trucks. Last year, 77% of new car sales were SUVs and trucks, which tend to be less efficient than cars. Some environmental groups have said that Biden-led new NHTSA requirements do not go far enough to combat global warming. Others have supported the new standards as a big step toward reducing emissions, and the American Lung Association has called for even tougher standards to move to all new zero-emission vehicles by 2035. “Climate change has become much worse, but these rules only require automakers cut gas consumption a little more than they agreed to cut nine years ago, ”said Dan Becker, director of the Center for Safe Climate Transport at the Center for Biodiversity. Officials said that under the new standards, the owners would save about $ 1,400. petrol costs over the life of the 2029 vehicle. Carbon emissions will be reduced by 2.5 billion metric tons by 2050 according to standards, NHTSA said. Automakers are investing billions of dollars in the design and construction of electric vehicles, but say people need government support to buy them. Companies want government tax breaks to lower prices as well as more money for EV charging stations to ease worries due to the fact that juice is running out. John Basella, CEO of the Automotive Innovation Alliance, a major industry trading group, said the tightened rules would require support from government policies. Regulators should consider safety, consumer preferences, improved fuel economy and the shift to electric vehicles, he said in a statement. NHTSA sets fuel economy requirements, and the Environmental Protection Agency develops limits on greenhouse gas emissions. NHTSA officials said their requirements were almost in line with the rules adopted by the EPA in December, so automakers should not follow the two rules.

New cars sold in the U.S. will have to average at least 40 miles per gallon of gasoline in 2026, up from about 28 miles per gallon, according to new federal regulations released Friday that repeal the rollback of standards adopted under to President Donald Trump.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has said its new fuel economy requirements are the strongest to date and the highest the industry can reach in that time period. They will reduce gasoline consumption by more than 220 billion gallons over the life of vehicles compared to Trump’s standards.

They are expected to cut carbon emissions – but not as much as some environmentalists want – and raise new car prices in an industry that is already strained by inflation and supply chain problems.

In the current model year, standards adopted under Trump require that the fleet of new cars run just under 28 miles per gallon in the real world. The new requirements increase gas consumption by 8% per year for the 2024 and 2025 model years and by 10% in the 2026 model year.

Transport Minister Pete Buttigig, whose department includes NHTSA, said the rules would also help strengthen national security by making the country less dependent on foreign oil and less vulnerable to volatile gasoline prices. Across the country, gasoline rose to an average of more than $ 4.22 a gallon, with much of the increase coming after Russia, a major oil producer, invaded Ukraine in late February. According to the AAA, just a year ago it cost $ 2.88 a gallon.

Gas prices have also helped push inflation to a 40-year high by eating up household budgets and beating President Joe Biden’s approval ratings.

“Transportation is the second largest expense for American families, after housing,” Butigig said. The new standards, he said, will help keep the United States more secure and preserve “our country’s freedom to determine its future without being subject to other countries and decisions made in the meeting rooms of energy companies.”

But car dealers say tougher demands are raising prices and pushing people out of the already expensive new car market. NHTSA estimates that the new rules will increase the price of a new car in the 2029 model year by $ 1,087.

The Trump administration has pushed back fuel economy standards, allowing them to increase by 1.5% a year, which, according to environmental groups, has been insufficient to limit global warming emissions that contribute to climate change. Previously, standards rose by about 5% per year.

But the new standards do not immediately meet those adopted by 2025 under President Barack Obama. NHTSA officials said that by 2025 they will be on par with Obama’s standards and slightly above them in the 2026 model year.

Obama-era standards are automatically adjusted to reflect changes in the type of vehicles people buy. When they went live in 2012, 51% of new car sales were cars and 49% were SUVs and trucks. Last year, 77% of new car sales were SUVs and trucks, which tend to be less efficient than cars.

Some environmental groups have said that the new NHTSA requirements under Biden do not go far enough to combat global warming. Others have supported the new standards as a big step toward reducing emissions, and the American Lung Association has called for even tougher standards to move to all new zero-emission vehicles by 2035.

“Climate change has deteriorated significantly, but these rules require automakers to cut gas consumption just a little more than they agreed to cut nine years ago,” said Dan Becker, director of the Center for Safe Climate Transport at the Center for Biodiversity.

Officials said that under the new standards, owners will save about $ 1,400 on gasoline for the entire life of the 2029 car. Carbon emissions will be reduced by 2.5 billion metric tons by 2050 according to standards, NHTSA said.

Automakers are investing billions of dollars in the design and construction of electric vehicles, but say people need government support to buy them. Companies want government tax breaks to lower prices as well as more money for charging stations for EVs to ease worries over the juice run.

John Basella, CEO of the Alliance’s major industry trade group for automotive innovation, said tightening the rules would require support from government policies. Regulators should consider safety, consumer preferences, improved fuel economy and the shift to electric vehicles, the statement said.

NHTSA sets fuel economy requirements, and the Environmental Protection Agency develops limits on greenhouse gas emissions. NHTSA officials said their requirements were almost in line with the rules adopted by the EPA in December, so automakers should not follow the two rules.

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