Editor’s note: on Friday, April 8, at 16.00 CDT, members of the CDF collaboration will give a scientific presentation detailing their measurement. Click here for more information and registration.
After 10 years of careful analysis and verification, scientists from the CDF’s collaboration at the US Department of Energy’s National Fermi Accelerator Laboratory announced today that they have achieved the most accurate measurement to date of the mass of W-boson, one of the forces carrying nature. particles. Using data collected by a collider detector in Fermilab, or CDF, scientists have now determined the mass of the particle with an accuracy of 0.01% – twice as accurate as the previous best measurement. This corresponds to a weight measurement of an 800-pound gorilla up to 1.5 ounces.
A new measurement of accuracy published in the journal Science, allows scientists to test a standard model of particle physics, a theoretical basis that describes nature at its most fundamental level. Result: The new mass value shows the tension with the value that scientists obtain using experimental and theoretical data in the context of a standard model.
“The number of improvements and additional tests that have resulted in us is huge,” said Ashutosh W. Kotval of Duke University, who led the analysis and is one of 400 scientists in the CDF’s collaboration. “We have taken into account our best understanding of our particle detector, as well as advances in the theoretical and experimental understanding of the interaction of the W-boson with other particles. When we finally published the result, we found that it differed from the forecast of the standard model.
If confirmed, this measurement indicates the potential need to improve the calculation of the standard model or extend the model.
Now scientists have determined the mass of the W-boson with an accuracy of 0.01%. This is twice as accurate as the previous best measurement, and shows the voltage with the standard model.
The new value is consistent with many previous measurements of W-boson mass, but there are some disagreements. Future measurements will be needed to shed more light on the result.
“While this is an intriguing result, the measurement needs to be confirmed by other experiments before it can be fully interpreted,” said Fermilab Deputy Director Joe Liken.
The W-boson is a messenger particle of weak nuclear power. It is responsible for nuclear processes that cause the sun to shine and particles to disintegrate. Using high-energy particle collisions created by the Tevatron collider at Fermilab, the CDF collaboration collected a huge amount of data containing W-bosons from 1985 to 2011.
CDF physicist Chris Hayes of Oxford University said: “CDF measurements have been conducted for many years, with the measured value hidden from analysts until the procedures have been fully studied. When we discovered the value, it was a surprise. ”
The mass of the W-boson is about 80 times the mass of the proton, or about 80,000 MeV / c2. CDF researchers have been working to achieve increasingly accurate W-boson mass measurements for more than 20 years. The central value and uncertainty of their last mass measurement is 80 433 +/- 9 MeV / c2. This result uses the entire data set collected from the Tevatron collider in Fermilab. It is based on an observation of 4.2 million W-bosons-candidates, which is about four times the number used in the analysis of collaborative work published in 2012.
“Many collide experiments have measured the mass of the W-boson over the past 40 years,” said CDF co-secretary Giorgio Chiarelli, Italian National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN-Pisa). “These are complex, complex measurements, and they have achieved increasing accuracy. It took us many years to go through all the details and necessary checks. This is our most reliable measurement to date, and the mismatch between measured and expected values persists. ”
The collaboration also compared their result with the best value expected for the W-boson mass using a standard model of 80,357 ± 6 MeV / c2. This value is based on complex calculations of the standard model, which intricately correlate the mass of the W-boson with measurements of the masses of two other particles: the upper quark discovered at the Tevatron collider in Fermilab in 1995 and the Higgs boson discovered at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN in 2012. .
CDF spokesman David Tobacco of the University of Texas A&M said the result is an important contribution to verifying the accuracy of the standard model. “Now the community of theoretical physics and other experiments must follow this and shed light on this mystery,” he added. “If the difference between the experimental and the expected value is due to some new particle or subatomic interaction, which is one possibility, there is a high probability that this is something that can be detected in future experiments.”
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The CDF collaboration includes 400 scholars from 54 institutions in 23 countries.
Fermilab is America’s leading national laboratory for particle physics and accelerator research. The U.S. Department of Energy Fermilab Research Laboratory is located near Chicago, Illinois, and is managed under contract by Fermi Research Alliance LLC, a joint partnership between the University of Chicago and the University Research Association, Inc. Visit the Fermilab website at www.fnal.gov and follow us on Twitter at @Fermilab.
The Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science. The Bureau of Science is the largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing issues of our time. For more information, visit science.energy.gov.